From these settlements, they spread around the island, travelling with their animals, and the goats became established in the southwest of Sicily and into Calabria. Their milk is renowned for its excellent balance between fat and protein.
These goats were once used to go from with their owners. Girgentana goats enjoyed glorious days in the 1920-30s when 1920s and ’30s, farmers would sell milk by going from door to door with their flocks of Girgentana goats, offering on-doorstep milking and supplying fresh milk on the spot. Girgentana milk has a mild flavour, primarily given to infants and elderly people.
But this tradition was abolished by new laws in the thirties that prohibited urban goat farming due to sanitary reasons.
As a result, goat-keeping’s image turned negative, and it was pushed out from urban areas to hills and coastlines.
These hygiene regulations and the spread of heat-treated milk led to a steep decline in the breed’s numbers. In the past more than 30,000 head in the hills and coastal zones. At the end of 1993 the population was estimated at 524. The conservation status of the breed was listed as "endangered" by the FAO in 2007. At the end of 2013 the registered population was 390. Today, however, this breed is still in danger of disappearance.